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Protecting Mothers From Fetal Immune Recognition

 
  October, 27 2006 14:29
your information resource in human molecular genetics
 
     
A protein expressed in developing embryos may protect mothers against immune-mediated attack by fetal cells, according to a study to be published in the December 2006 issue of Nature Immunology.

This protein, called Zfp608, appears to function by switching off the expression of Rag genes, which are involved in the development and function of fetal immune cells.

Thomas Aune and colleagues identified Zfp608 by honing in on a genetic defect exhibited by a strain of mice called ZORI, which have a compromised immune system. These mice have reduced numbers of T lymphocytes, immune cells that develop in the thymus. Normally mice express Zfp608 during embryonic development but stop its expression soon after birth. In contrast, ZORI mice continue to express Zfp608 in their thymus well beyond birth; continued Zfp608 expression is therefore linked to lack of thymic immune cell development.

The authors show that Zfp608 inhibits Rag gene expression in thymic cells, which explains the defect in T lymphocyte development observed in ZORI mice. They speculate that the timing of Zfp608 expression in embryos might play a protective role by preventing the development of fetal immune cells that could potentially recognize and attack maternal tissues, thereby harming both mother and her unborn offspring.

Author Contact:

Thomas M Aune (Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA)
E-mail: thomas.aune@vanderbilt.edu

Abstract available online.

(C) Nature Immunology press release.


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