home   genetic news   bioinformatics   biotechnology   literature   journals   ethics   positions   events   sitemap
 
  HUM-MOLGEN -> Genetic News | search  
 

Scientists Unravel Immune Basis Of Kidney Disorder

 
  July, 2 2002 1:29
your information resource in human molecular genetics
 
     
Researchers studying mutant mice report in Nature Genetics that they have identified the precise mechanism underlying the development of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN). MPGN is a common cause of chronic kidney failure in humans.

Chronic MPGN occurs when the body's immune system attacks the glomeruli -- the subunits of the kidney that filter the blood -- resulting in their progressive destruction. There were hints from studies of both animals and humans that MPGN might result from an uncontrolled activation of part of the immune system that normally helps to eliminate foreign cells or toxins. Attempts to prove this, however, have been inconclusive.

Marina Botto and colleagues generated mice with a genetic deficiency for factor H, whose normal role is to act as a brake on part of the immune system. These mice developed glomerulonephritis. When they examined mice lacking both factor H and another protein called factor B, which has an opposing role (acting as an accelerator rather then a brake), they found no evidence of kidney disease. This ‘rescue’ confirms that glomerulonephritis in mice is caused by uncontrolled activity of certain components of the immune system.

In a related News and Views article to be published in the same issue, Thomas Welch suggests that future work on MPGN in humans will focus on the ways in which infections or environmental insults might work together with uncontrolled immune activity to trigger this disease.

Author contact:
Dr. Marina Botto
Imperial College, London, UK
Tel: +44 20 8383 2316; E-mail: m.botto@ic.ac.uk

News & Views contact:
Dr. Thomas R. Welch
Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA
Tel: +1 315 464 5451; E-mail: welcht@upstate.edu

Articles can be accessed online at ng912 and ng933.

(C) Nature Genetics press release.


Message posted by: Trevor M. D'Souza

print this article mail this article
Bookmark and Share this page (what is this?)

Social bookmarking allows users to save and categorise a personal collection of bookmarks and share them with others. This is different to using your own browser bookmarks which are available using the menus within your web browser.

Use the links below to share this article on the social bookmarking site of your choice.

Read more about social bookmarking at Wikipedia - Social Bookmarking

Latest News
Variants Associated with Pediatric Allergic Disorder

Mutations in PHF6 Found in T-Cell Leukemia

Genetic Risk Variant for Urinary Bladder Cancer

Antibody Has Therapeutic Effect on Mice with ALS

Regulating P53 Activity in Cancer Cells

Anti-RNA Therapy Counters Breast Cancer Spread

Mitochondrial DNA Diversity

The Power of RNA Sequencing

‘Pro-Ageing' Therapy for Cancer?

Niche Genetics Influence Leukaemia

Molecular Biology: Clinical Promise for RNA Interference

Chemoprevention Cocktail for Colon Cancer

more news ...

Generated by News Editor 2.0 by Kai Garlipp
WWW: Kai Garlipp, Frank S. Zollmann.
7.0 © 1995-2016 HUM-MOLGEN. All rights reserved. Liability, Copyright and Imprint.