Knocking out an enzyme responsible for the metabolism of fat in the intestine protects mice from obesity, reports research published online in Nature Medicine. The findings suggest a possible new target for reducing obesity.
Humans are efficient in absorbing fat within their diet and assimilating it into adipose tissue for the storage of energy. Although this ability suggests an advantage in times of calorie deprivation, it contributes to obesity when dietary fat is abundant. Robert Farese, Jr., and his colleagues show that the intestinal enzyme MGAT2 is crucial for the buildup of fat in mice.
They find that the absence of MGAT2 protects mice on a high-fat diet against developing obesity, high cholesterol and fatty liver. Although food intake and fat absorption are normal in MGAT2-deficient mice, entry of dietary fat into the circulation is reduced, favoring the partitioning of fat toward energy dissipation instead of towards storage in the adipose tissue.
As MGAT2 is an intestinal enzyme that can, in principle, be readily accessible to pharmacological inhibition, these results point to a new target in the fight against obesity that may have medical potential before long.
Robert Farese, Jr. (University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA)
Abstract available online.
(C) Nature Medicine press release.
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