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Converted AgroIndustrial ByProducts (AIBP) to High Quality Feeds: Energy and Energy Feeds.
1) Pre-treatment with enzymes (e. g. lignocellulases- including lacasses, proteases)/chemicals (e. g. H2SO4, HCl, NaOH, NH3/physical treatment (e. g. milling, steam explosion) of fibrous substrates.
2) Separation of Carbohydrates and Sugars: washing, filtration, drying and separative precipitation with enantiomeric crystallization.
3) Mixing of Intake. Calculated "stochiometric" premixing prep.
4) Enzyme "shuffling" to copolymeric synthesis and oligomers. Enzymes' intake basis for "shuffling" for proportional control to endpoint and to avoiding premature truncation.
Nutraceutical nutritive valuation (N. V.) of complex sugar mixtures are to be determined.
5) Complex mixtures of simple water-soluble carbohydrates (WSCHO) can be bonded via polymerization using specific enzyme activities. We are thinking specifically of fishmeal applications to investigate their role in immune balance and health for better growth and development in the gut of fish like salmon fishery aquaculture (Open Net off the Westcoast of B. C. for Atlantic salmon).
6) Complex enzyme copolymerization to long-chain polymeric carbohydrates such as: pectins, xylans and galactans. See above 5) use of these polymerics for fishmeal feeding in addition to use of SCP from yeast and functional amino acids (FAA) feeding.
Slowed Feed Enzymes (SFE) in the Rumen: Rumen Stomach for Conventional Feeding with AIBPs.
D. A. Flores' theory is emerging stating "that both controlling accessibility of protein through the rumen and providing adequate support to microbial cell protein (MCP) biomass synthesis is key to optimizing the output from rumen stomachs for its protein nutrition with metabolic digestion & physiology." Ion-exchange resin technology has been proposed to study affinity or the availability for pre-formed AAs from the rumen milieu dosing with 15N with cannulated sheep. This is likely to be sourced from Switzerland, at this time. Proposed are use of proteases attenuated to tailor-fit feed protein solubility and with respect to the uptake of microbial cells measured by the ENU parameter (plse cf. DJ Thompson and DE Beever, 1980) measuring ratio of microbial amino acid-N to the total N digested for uptake within the rumen milieu including preformed amino acid-N or peptide-N + free amino acid-N, amine-N, amide-N, and NH3-N. As with extrafibrolytic enzymes (EFE) and including cellulases, hemicellulases and lignases like ferulic acid esterases (Fae) and etherases, slowed feed enzymes (SFE) as they will be called will eventually be employed at enzymatic rates and at rates of addition at optimum effect, along with proteolytic enzyme competitive inhibitors and non-competitive inhibitors (i.e. allosteric) to both feed plant cropped proteases and to rumen microbial proteases. Re-adjusting effectively the proteolytic capacity pegged to protein solubility in the rumen is the objective here. Note that although wilting or addition of formic acid-formaldehyde can slow down protein solubilization and digestion alternatively in the rumen, other feeds would require biological or chemical means. It appears that two routes of app. are available at this time. Coded proteins as either competitive or non-competitive inhibitors for proteases for microbes builtin in to plant or crop feed substrate, and also in microbial innoculants as another approach, for that matter, to modulating ruminogastric protein digestion for MCP and escape protein flows to the duodenum.It is assumed that such SFE have a inhibitor that is relatively resistant to feed proteases and microbial proteases in the rumen stomachs and feed in synchrony with twice daily feeding regimens.
(c) 2023-2050. D. A. Flores. Skye Blue Publications. Port Coquitlam, British Columbia V3B 1G3 Canada.
Last update of this entry: October 04, 2023