The new industrial-class polymer described here is modeled after the elastomerized polymer that is based on imino groupings intermittently interrupted with stronger double bonds similar to rubber's isoprene units. Further to this, are the addition of benzene rings in the "flagged" positions of the 5-C moieties which will add density as well as strength to the double bondings.
By estimates the material is derived here from fibre, is sustainable via biofermentation to methane and then to formaldehyde as starting material. It is the "amalgam" of polymer, formaldehyde and lignin, from the residual of the former process, that a high-density rubber asphalt-like substance will be derived and made into various applications as for e. g.: (1) ramps for commercial industrial applications, (2) driveways and sidewalks for residential and public buildings, (3) aprons and runways of airports in avionics, (4) "stone masonry" for indoor such as kitchen surfaces and bathroom/outdoor pavings and sealing for roadways.
Process of Producing the Industrial-Class Elastomerized Polymer Product.
It is believed that the fermentation solvent system of acetone, n-butanol and ethanol (ABE) will play as the likely solvent system to blend lignin's aromatic groups in its monomeric coumaryl and feruloyl subunits with the benzoyl groups at flagstaff along the super polymeric chain and formaldehyde to serve as dissoluting agent to bring about to homogeneous blend or consistency. ABE is ideal in that it is fast becoming the solvent of choice, viz. for biofuel iso-butanol, with fibrous feed residue fermentation from whence building block material for formaldehyde is also obtained for our resin polymer.
Pressure extrusion with high temperature (deg. C.) and under high pressure (mm Hg) is the method for high density products to be shaped and moulded to size, an e. g. of which is where they are assembled and made to measure at curb side in roadworks or in addition to its many homestyle houseware application for the home. And home building construction is yet to be explored with this new source of building materials.
Structure Proofing: Functionality and Properties.
To the best of our knowledge there are no competing side-reactions of imino groups in situ with products as they will not likely reduce any further. The same goes for the chloro- and cyano- end groups of this super polymer. There was an earlier suspicion that cyanide gas might escape from product eventually but this only holds if the original compound is a cyanogen and not of those converted to imino groups in which case they cannot convert any further by subsequently releasing toxic products. The finished product is then deemed stable and there are no competing side-reactions of the core imino groups due to reduction, as it must, if cyanogens are to be involved. Oxidation products apparently do not present any competing end-products.
We will not delve into the schemata provided by the author in Fig. 1 as the reactions based on their relative redox potentials as is descriptive for themselves based on an introductory organic chemistry textbook, are self-evident. The reactions start initially and eventually, "get the ball rolling," by first setting up the dimers or "copolymers", as they are called, and then without using other multifactorial protecting groups needed, the molecules by their "bifunctionality" react from one "front backend" to the other "back frontend."
Except it should be mentioned that the fermentative process for starting material has not yet been described or stipulated and will have to be outlined further as progress is made in the techniques of bioengineering and co-culturing rumen fungal spp. and methanogens and their subsequent chemical reduction to formaldehyde and how complete a media is to be used between fibrous byproduct farm wastes and other feed ingredients as biomass and how to fine-tune this critical process further to commercial viability.
Economic Valuation of IBPN's Applications.
Although we will not say how much in the hundreds of millions of dollars these products or commodities we describe here represent one can attach a rough "guestimate" of an economic figure by noting each time one runs through the newspaper story on public works or a magazine related to urban planning in one of our own municipalities how much was spent last time on the last public works project and much road work costs. Whether it was simply your driveway that was cost-estimated by contractors, the latest airport refurbishment of our runways or bathroom and kitchen refinishing or even the last repot holing project after a hard Winter's season these will tell the story on what our new high-performing "vamp material" or "home construction" material will cost- and one that is greener or sustainable.
Other applications include long-life warranty in tires especially for pedi-powered concept vehicles, and oil pipelined piping that are fish and corrosive-proof. A plastics plant through our agency and personnel is being planned for Indonesia.
This paper is an industry white paper release for news or information on a major product such as this- a product that could contribute towards replacing gradually a small proportion of fossil fuel residual byproducts, viz. asphalt, but is just the beginning to furthering our sights into looking at ways we can expand our repertoire on our use of ligno-cellulosics as agro-industrial byproducts. Biomaterials are being developed everyday in the industry as this white paper gives a fresh look into extending production of chemicals that are eco-friendly to the consumer in terms of construction and utilities from biorenewables.
Fig. 1: A Schema for Synthesis of Iminobenzoprene Nitrile with Its Precursors.
fibre ---> CH4 (g) ----> HCHO ----> NaCN (by fermentative bioprocessing)
benzene Cl2(g) ..
NaCN: ---> :C=N: ---> benzyl-C=N:--->benzyl-C=N (precursor)
benzene | |
NaH .. .. .. NaH
Cl-C=N-Cl + Na C=N: ---> Cl-C=N-C=N + Cl-C=N-C=N:-----> H+ +
benzene | | benzene-
benzyl benzyl water: titrate acid
.. .. n .. .. .. .. ..
| | | NaH | | | | | n
benzyl H benzyl benzyl H benzyl H benzyl
Courtesy of D. A. Flores. 2017 (c). Skye Blue Publications, Pt. Coquitlam BC Ca-
SKYENEWS: There are statistics out that in Germany the rate of plastic particulates in the environment that could end up in the water supply from tires is close to 100,000 tons. The use of IBPN material that is less given to corrosion together with binders could be one solution to this potential threat to our environment and throughout the industrialized and developing world.
SKYENEWS: There are also plans to manufacture for the Australian and Philippine markets advanced bio-detergent formulations from suberin esters taken from boosted root biomass in seagrasses, developed in Armidale, Australia, then manufactured in the Indonesian plant, where a growing demand for soaps or detergents mostly for laboratory, laundry and kitchen applications and personal care chemical reagents from a growing trend in modernity with populational growth is expected to occur. The long-chain alcoholic components will be oxidized to their fatty acid derivatives using enzymatic biologicals. The nature of the biodegradability of the biomaterial and the nature of its bioprocessing (viz. bio-extraction and bio-oxidation) gives the new term bio-detergents for the markets.
SKYENEWS: Thus far, we have not received corroborating reports of pulping & fungal-driven coupled with Methanobrevibacter for methanogenesis to be used as a pilot project to evolve or generate CH4 (g), a starting material followed by cyanide (g) production, albeit, highly toxic to the environment, although there are established systems used to power local electrical grids such as in Washington State, but that still leading to questions of sustainability and dependability of the biorenewable energy generating system using farm wastes and other organic inputs.
At SkyeBlue we are surmising whether the rumen model presented for such a commensal microbial ecological "pair" could be robust enough to generate reproducible or predictable CH4 (g) generation, including our suggestion to further disinhibit fermentation in the bioreactor. There are plans to establish plants for manufacturing formaldehyde, depoting and transport of materials to TransSiberian Railway to points in the sub-Arctic
and contractual to manufacturers in Canada for the Arctic.