by D A Flores
The new industrial-class polymer described here is modeled after the elastomerized polymer that is based on imino groupings intermittently interrupted with stronger double bonds similar to rubber's isoprene units. Further to this, are the addition of benzene rings in the "flagged" positions of the 5-C moieties which will add density as well as strength to the double bondings.
By estimates the material is derived here from fibre, is sustainable via biofermentation to methane and then to sodium cyanide as starting material. It is the "amalgam" of polymer, and lignin, from the residual of the former process, that a high-density rubber asphalt-like substance will be derived and made into various applications as for e. g.: (1) ramps for commercial industrial applications, (2) driveways and sidewalks for residential and public buildings, (3) aprons and runways of airports in avionics, (4) "stone masonry" for indoor such as kitchen surfaces and bathroom/outdoor pavings and (5) sealing for roadways by cut-n-paste or jigg-saw.
Structure Proofing: Functionality and Properties.
To the best of our knowledge there are no competing side-reactions of imino groups in situ with products as they will not likely oxidize to cyanide. It is still debatable as to the polymers' chloro- and cyano- end groups and whether these are to be derivitized further to stable end groups.
We will not delve any further into the schema provided by cortesy of the author (see: Fig. 1) as the reactions based on their relative redox potentials is descriptive for themselves based introductory organic chemistry and are self-evident.
The reactions initialize and eventually "get the ball rolling" by first setting up the "copolymers", as they are called, and then without using other multifunctional protecting groups, the molecules by their "bifunctionality" react from one "front backend" to the other "back frontend."
A "biosafe" reactor with (1) a "core" and (2) outer chambered conduits similar to a nuclear reactor's conformation will be used as a safe manufacturing facility for all manufactured IBPN polymeric-based materials (see: list above). The "physical process" can be described in sequence based on the theoretical reactions as follows: (a) biofermentation of fibre and storage as natural gas (CH4) or direct use from oil/gas exploration in the Philippine Islands; (b) the Andrussow Process is used to manufacture cyanide poweder (white powder, v. toxic) formed by ububbling or passing over CH4(g) + NH3(g) over Pt (catalyst) with caustic soda added next and the NaCN stored as the v. toxic substance that it is; (c) the powder is fed to dissolve in benzene(l) at the reactor "core" and Cl2(g) (poisonous) bubbled through with catalyst added (?); (4) to the outer blank moulds as reaction chambers are mixed 2:1 the product thereof with NaH(aq) (sodium hydride) in a slurry slowly titrated by NaOH base and with H2(g) evolved and evacuated; and finally, (5) H2(g) is collected via negative pressure as automated runners to sheet or mould presses into fabricated pieces or product.
It should be mentioned that the fermentative process for starting material has not yet been stipulated and will have to be outlined further as progress is made in the techniques of bioengineering and co-culturing rumen fungal spp. and with methanogens and how to fine-tune this critical process further to commercial viability.
Economic Valuation of IBPN's Applications.
Although we will not say how much in the hundreds of millions of dollars these products or commodities we describe represent, one can attach a rough "guestimate" of an economic figure by noting each time one runs through the newspaper story on public works or urban planning in one of our own municipalities how much was spent last time on the project as to how much road work costs. And further, how muchs your driveway was cost-estimated by contractors, the latest airport refurbishment of our runways or bathroom and kitchen refinishing or even the last repot holing project after a hard winter's season these will tell the story on what our new high-performing "vamp" or "home construction" material will cost, and one that is green due to its sustainability.
This paper describes a means by which a new product could contribute towards replacing gradually a proportion of fossil fuel residual byproducts, viz. asphalt, and to furthering our sights into looking at ways we can expand use of ligno-cellulosic-based agro-industrial byproducts.
Biomaterials are coming out everyday in industry but this chapter gives further a new look into extending production of eco-friendly materials to the consumer for construction and utilities from biorenewables.