by D A Flores
The new industrial-class polymer described here is modeled after the elastomerized polymer that is based on imino groupings intermittently interrupted with stronger double bonds similar to rubber's isoprene units. Further to this, are the addition of benzene rings in the "flagged" positions of the 5-C moieties which will add density as well as strength to the double bondings.
By estimates the material is derived here from fibre, is sustainable via biofermentation to methane and then to sodium cyanide as starting material. It is the "amalgam" of polymer, and lignin, from the residual of the former process, that a high-density rubber asphalt-like substance will be derived and made into various applications as for e. g.: (1) ramps for commercial industrial applications, (2) driveways and sidewalks for residential and public buildings, (3) aprons and runways of airports in avionics, (4) "stone masonry" for indoor such as kitchen surfaces and bathroom/outdoor pavings and (5) sealing for roadways by cut-n-paste or jigg-saw.
Structure Proofing: Functionality and Properties.
To the best of our knowledge there are no competing side-reactions of imino groups in situ with products as they will not likely oxidize to cyanide. It is still debatable as to the polymers' chloro- and cyano- end groups and whether these are to be derivitized further to stable end groups.
We will not delve any further into the schema provided by cortesy of the author (see: Fig. 1) as the reactions based on their relative redox potentials is descriptive for themselves based introductory organic chemistry and are self-evident.
The reactions initialize and eventually "get the ball rolling" by first setting up the "copolymers", as they are called, and then without using other multifunctional protecting groups, the molecules by their "bifunctionality" react from one "front backend" to the other "back frontend."
A "biosafe" reactor process is described in the hypothetical schema below [Courtesy of D. A. Flores 2019 (c)] with: (1) plant #1 or biogas plant, 2) plant #2 for the Andrussow Process, where the process is purged with caustic soda to prevent excess HCN (g) production or escape, 3) the NaCN, a white, v. toxic powder is then dissolved in solvent benzene (a known carcinogen) at what temperature, time and catalyst (if needed) is yet to be determined, 4) then toxic Cl2(g) is to be piped in and reacted, again at what temperature, time and catalysted (if needed) is yet to be determined, 5) what is to follow is a two-step process involving the strong base NaH(packed in oil) that is stripped upon contact in benzene with first application of NaH leading to a slurry and the reaction stops at this point, 6) the second application of NaH(oil) is then applied to copolymer formations using the previous product or materials to start polymerization up time=n with the material formed in either moulds or with sheeting using automated runners or rollers and stopped with H2O purging to prevent H2(g) from igniting spontaneously and potentially exploding and then finally more H2O used to wash off the salt NaCl with elements formed to be air-dried with heating and dispensed from their conduit chambers peripheral to the "core" of the plant "reactor" described.
It should be mentioned that the fermentative process for starting material has not yet been stipulated and will have to be outlined further as progress is made in the techniques of bioengineering and co-culturing rumen fungal spp. and with methanogens and how to fine-tune this critical process further to commercial viability. There are natural gas plants that employ plant farming byproducts and food wastes that have the capacity and dependability for providing electrical power to a grid facility here in North America (e. g. Washington State).
Economic Valuation of IBPN's Applications.
Although we will not say how much in the hundreds of millions of dollars these products or commodities we describe represent, one can attach a rough "guestimate" of an economic figure by noting each time one runs through the newspaper story on public works or urban planning in one of our own municipalities how much was spent last time on the project as to how much road work costs. And further, how muchs your driveway was cost-estimated by contractors, the latest airport refurbishment of our runways or bathroom and kitchen refinishing or even the last repot holing project after a hard winter's season these will tell the story on what our new high-performing "vamp" or "home construction" material will cost, and one that is green due to its sustainability.
This paper describes a means by which a new product could contribute towards replacing gradually a proportion of fossil fuel residual byproducts, viz. asphalt, and to furthering our sights into looking at ways we can expand use of ligno-cellulosic-based agro-industrial byproducts.
Biomaterials are coming out everyday in industry but this chapter gives further a new look into extending production of eco-friendly materials to the consumer for construction and utilities from biorenewables.