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In the growing projected region of the Far Eastern Russian region we are planning a feed and bioconversion company for avian poultry meat utilizing: chicken feed, chicken litter for poultry and cattle, and vermi-cultured compost for cropping), for a lucrative poultry meat production operation in terms of production parameters and markets available for the projected Russian republics food drive for hi-quality protein sources for its expanding populace.
The following methods will be used, by example, for feeding in poultry production in African Mozambique:
1) Cropped wheat, corn stover, sorghum stover, miscanthus and switchgrass as biomass feedstock or stripping of lignan biomass with liquid ionic deconstruction using recyclable solvents that are to be proven feed-grade, reduction with enzymes to oligomers, trimers, dimers and finally monomeric sugars (e. g. fructose, glucose) or to convert starch or amylose polymer or to high-fructose and glucose syrup, the former to feed pellets suitable for avian feeding and other food applications as with flour for breadmaking.
2) Poultry by-product meal is one of the most important sources of animal protein used to feed domestic animals, along with meat and bone, blood, feather and fish meals. It is made by combining the by-products coming from poultry slaughterhouses or poultry processing plants. It is defined as poultry by-product meal as the ground, rendered, cleaned parts of the carcass of slaughtered poultry such as the necks, heads, feet, undeveloped eggs, gizzards and intestines (provided their content are removed), exclusive of feathers (except in such amounts as might occur unavoidably with good processing practices). Whole poultry carcass meals can be also be obtained from culled laying hens (spent hen meal), notably in areas where there is no market for culled hens.
3) Recycled, processed chicken manure and litter have been used as the waste contains large amounts of protein, fibre, and minerals and has been deliberately mixed into animal feed for these nutrients; it is best used as processed locally where produced because the bulk and weight of the products makes shipment un-economical. Normally, this animal byproduct or waste is used by small farmers and owners of beef and dairy herds as a winter supplement for cows and weaned calves in developed countries and can be applied in African countries and the Russian Far East eventually.
The company projected is centrally located nr. the Eastern coast and should require both shipping by land, train, aerotransport and sea using refrigeration technologies. Company operations will incorporate considerations of: 1) square meter area per head, 2) ventilation and dust control, 3) ambient indoor environmental control including dehumidification, airconditioning/heating/solar powered, 4) animal handling procedures by handlers for animal welfare code practices in mind in very high volumes, 5) health and quarantine protocols to control and avoid disastrous culling related zoonoses such as avian flu virus, 6) feeding system and watering supplies, 7) slaughtering, packaging & storage protocols and facility capacity or capabilities and features and 8) organization of labour, its management, financing of the business, marketing activities, and other higher administrative functions.
A subsidiary originally from PR China and hopefully soon also in the Russian Far East will be producing this vital protein source commodity towards 2040 as all industrial and developing countries from fibre-based resources and other recyclables such as that are man made and recycled. The market appears to be export driven in addition to one of domestic source such as the expatriate Chinese community (2 million) in the African continent.
At the moment this domestically produced animal protein from these sources are not apparently exported back to China, but restructuring and government planning will change this in future with their fiscal renegotiation, for now augmenting domestic markets and supply to Africa.
Recently, urea-ammoniation has been discussed regards sustainability issues with respect to inputs. The source of nitrogen for the ammoniation process will either come from manure from mixed farming or shipped chicken manure and litter (above). This all makes for one of integrated farming practices in action. Precision agriculture also for export crops via air transport in terms of flowers (e. g. roses and orchids), cash crops (e. g. tobacco, corn grain) and typical tropical fruit crops (e. g. mangoes, avocadoes, papayas, grapefruit, pineapples and bananas) for increased efficiency and output with greater control using known techniques and sustainability (e. g. sourcing and availability).
FIG. 1. DIAGRAM FOR A KAZAKHSTAN ENTERPRISE INITIATIVES IN "GREEN" ENERGY FROM DUAL-CROPPING OF BYPRODUCTS.
IONIC LIQUID DECONSTRUCTIVE FRACTIONATION (ILDF) OF LIGNOCELLULOSE (LC):
->1) CONVERT STARCH PRODUCTION FOR AVIAN FEEDS FROM LC.
->2) ANAEROLOGIC TECHNOLOGY®. 1)LIGNASES, 2)WSC (WATER-SOLUBLE CARBOHYDRATES), 3)APP (AMINO-PEPTIDES) AS ADDITIVES FOR THE FERMENTATION PROCESSING OF LC TO ETHANOL/ ISOBUTANOL/ ISOPENTENOL. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
SKYEVIEW: The 'SHTM' may soon take shape with a logistical station in Ohkotsk, Russia where rail transport (in future Mag-Lev technology will be considered) will offer infrastructure to depot fibre resource recovery (e. g. corn stover) using two industrial class technologies now even considered economically sustainable called ionic fluid pre-treatment to isolate the saccharolytic fractions followed by convert starch production scale-up technology transfer to be developed from the U.S.A. using immobilized enzyme technology to be used here for avian production (a more sustainable meat source) using animal by-product meals and to be processed and flash frozen and containerized shipped overseas to ports in markets such as in China, Korea, Mongolia, Japan, R.O.C., H.K. and Australia/N.Z., to name but a few of such a type of operation. Transport (refrigerated) overland will be by containerized truck and/or rail in markets such as China, Japan and Australia. Further to this is the energy issue of producing isobutanol (and even higher-grade, energy dense isopentenol in the future) although isoclimactic conditions may have the dictate to only seasonally production - unlike in areas such as sub-tropical Japan, Queensland and New Mexico). Russia may choose to produce products from their recoverable fibre-based resources primarily in Central Asia where isoclimactic conditions exist and then depot them from there. Wheat straw as a feedstock has to be further investigated. Potential markets for export of these alternative bioenergy sources are China, the Koreas, Mongolia, Japan and Australia/New Zealand.
There is growing evidence that CH4 (natural gas) from fibre feedstock from co-culture may become feasible in the near future. Albeit as a by-product of bagasse feedstock processing for feed, food and alcohol fuels (e. g. isobutanol , for biokerosene and isopentenol in future) in Kenya to be distributed by pipeline. The same can be true for Zambia with soy feedstock from stover for soya bean production.
Geo-net and agro/social description of Mozambique, the "bread basket" designation is for the Northern & Central provincial areas of the country as very fertile zones of volcanic soil (just like the sugarlands of Negros Island, the Philippines) with the capability for surplus production and export earnings. On the otherhand, the Southern provinces should turn to irrigation methods/wells especially if there are aquifers present there to cope with droughts and floods with comprehensive upgrading of farmers from subsistence to marketable production, e. g. food crops, cash crops, mixed farming operations with meat and livestock for trading or selling, semi-mechanization (this is believed to be more true than apparent in Mozambique depending on other external factors) and the State's subsidies.
There is a proposal for furthering agro-industrial farming with the State of Mozambique for land reform and allocation to capitalized farmers together with taxation to feed the State's coffers.
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Last update of this entry: October 31, 2022